J. Molec. Graph., 12, 267-274 (1994)


Effect of branching in 4-alkylpyrazoles on liver alcohol dehydrogenase inhibition

Shape analysis methodology is applied to the study of 4-alkylpyrazoles which are known inhibitors of liver alcohol dehydrogenase. Elongation of the alkyl chain increases the inhibitory power, whereas branching of the chain diminishes the activity. These two counterpoised effects are studied simultaneously in a selected set of 4-alkylpyrazoles. A systematic conformational analysis followed by topological characterization of the van der Waals surfaces of all the local minima restricts the conformational space to potential bioactive structures. The analysis of the interrelation between the molecular electrostatic potential and van der Waals surfaces provides certain shape codes characteristic of each 4-alkylpyrazole. In both topological analyses van der Waals surfaces and molecular electrostatic potential van der Waals surface interrelations) graphical representations and analytical methods were used. A good correlation between the shape codes and the inhibitory activity is found for the linear derivatives. For branched pyrazoles, a tendency in their inhibitory power is predicted. Isopentylpyrazole is suggested to have the same inhibitory profile as 4-butylpyrazole, the linear derivative with one less carbon atom.