Tet. Lett. 49, 7246-7249 (2008)

DOI: 10.1016/j.tetlet.2008.09.131

The use of a molecular balance derived from 5,5'-bipyrazole to calculate pi-pi stacking interactions

Theoretical calculations have been carried out on 3,3′-dimethyl-1,1′-diphenyl-5,5′-bi-1H-pyrazole to evaluate its usefulness as a molecular balance to measure π−π stacking. After removing the methyl groups (1,1′-diphenyl-5,5′-bi-1H-pyrazole), the N-phenyl groups have been replaced by a series of aromatic rings, and the energy difference between the syn and anti forms is discussed in terms of π−π stacking and dipole–dipole interactions.