The chiral structure of 1H-indazoles in the solid state: a crystallographic, vibrational circular dichroism and computational study
A survey of the Cambridge Crystallographic Database reveals that there are 17 1H-indazoles forming dimers (7), trimers (4) and catemers or chains (6). Amongst the catemers there is one centrosymmetric compound and five non-centrosymmetric ones that crystallize in chiral helices, either M or P, including indazole itself, whose structure has been determined anew. An explanation will be provided for how an achiral molecule crystallizes in a chiral space group. The second part of the paper is devoted to the use of Vibrational Circular Dichroism (VCD) for determining the absolute configuration of a crystal of indazole. This previously needs the complete assignment of its IR and Raman spectra in solution and in the solid-state based on B3LYP/6-31G(d) calculations of indazole dimers and trimers, which are already chiral.