J. Heter. Chem. 56, 359-370 (2019)

DOI: 10.1002/jhet.3331

Interaction of N‐Heterocyclic Carbenes and Simple Carbenes with Small Molecules (One to Three Atoms) Excluding Metals: Formation of Covalent C–X Bonds

This review reports the reactivity of carbenes (>C:), both N‐heterocyclic and simpler ones, with 29 small molecules to form C–X bonds and some weak interactions. The structures thus obtained belong to many functional groups proving the characteristic reactivity of N‐heterocyclic carbenes. Particular attention has been paid to X‐ray structures that are useful for theoretical calculations.