Pnicogen Bonded Complexes of PO2X (X = F, Cl) with Nitrogen Bases
n ab initio MP2/aug′-cc-pVTZ study has been carried out on complexes formed between PO2X (X = F and Cl) as the Lewis acids and a series of nitrogen bases ZN, including NH3, H2C═NH, NH2F, NP, NCH, NCF, NF3, and N2. Binding energies of these complexes vary from −10 to −150 kJ/mol, and P—N distances from 1.88 to 2.72 Å. Complexes ZN:PO2F have stronger P...N bonds and shorter P—N distances than the corresponding complexes ZN:PO2Cl. Charge transfer from the N lone pair through the π-hole to the P—X and P—O σ* orbitals leads to stabilization of these complexes, although charge-transfer energies can be evaluated only for complexes with binding energies less than −71 kJ/mol. Complexation of PO2X with the strongest bases leads to P···N bonds with a significant degree of covalency, and P—N distances that approach the P—N distances in the molecules PO2NC and PO2NH2. In these complexes, the PO2X molecules distort from planarity. Changes in 31P absolute chemical shieldings upon complexation do not correlate with changes in charges on P, although they do correlate with the binding energies of the complexes. EOM-CCSD spin–spin coupling constants 1pJ(P—N) are dominated by the Fermi-contact term, which is an excellent approximation to total J. 1pJ(P—N) values are small at long distances, increase as the distance decreases, but then decrease at short P—N distances. At the shortest distances, values of1pJ(P—N) approach 1J(P—N) for the molecules PO2NC and PO2NH2.