Transition metals as hydrogen bond acceptors: a theoretical study
The ability of the (CO)4Co− organometallic complex as a HB acceptor has been studied. For this theoretical study, several standard HB donors such as HF, HCN and HNC have been used. The inclusion of the HN(CH3)3+ cation as HB donor, allows the comparison of theoretical and experimental results. In order to consider the importance of the formal negative charge of (CO)4Co− in the interaction with other systems, the isoelectronic neutral (CO)4Ni organometallic complex has been considered as HB acceptor. The electronic changes, within the Atoms in Molecules (AIM) and Natural Bond Orbitals (NBO) methodologies, have been evaluated. Geometry, protonation energy, interaction energy, and electron density results confirm that the stability as a protonated species of the organometallic complexes (i.e. their gas-phase basicity) studied here gives an indication of their ability to act as a HB acceptor. It can be concluded that the Co organometallic anion seems to be a better HB acceptor than the Ni derivative, due to the formal charge of the former, more than the corresponding electronic distribution.