Materials 13, 2163 (2020)

DOI: 10.3390/ma13092163, OpenAccess

Hydrogen vs. Halogen Bonds in 1-Halo-Closo-Carboranes

A theoretical study of the hydrogen bond (HB) and halogen bond (XB) complexes between 1-halo-closo-carboranes and hydrogen cyanide (NCH) as HB and XB probe has been carried out at the MP2 computational level. The energy results show that the HB complexes are more stable than the XBs for the same system, with the exception of the isoenergetic iodine derivatives. The analysis of the electron density with the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) shows the presence of a unique intermolecular bond critical point with the typical features of weak noncovalent interactions (small values of the electron density and positive Laplacian and total energy density). The natural energy decomposition analysis (NEDA) of the complexes shows that the HB and XB complexes are dominated by the charge-transfer and polarization terms, respectively. The work has been complemented with a search in the CSD database of analogous complexes and the comparison of the results, with those of the 1-halobenzene:NCH complexes showing smaller binding energies and larger intermolecular distances as compared to the 1-halo-closo-carboranes:NCH complexes.